Kentucky lawmakers hear how other states regulate and use artificial intelligence – Lane Report

Applications of AI

The legislative debate over artificial intelligence is likely to shape action in Kentucky's next legislative session, which begins in January. (Getty Images)

Frankfort, Kentucky — Kentucky lawmakers serving on the Legislature's Artificial Intelligence Task Force learned Tuesday about how states are using artificial intelligence and potential legal frameworks for the technology.

At the task force's first meeting, lawmakers heard presentations from technology and government experts on the history of artificial intelligence (AI), how state government is using AI, and legislation in other states. The AI ​​discussions held during the midterm meeting could influence legislation in Kentucky's next legislative session, which begins in January.

McKenna Horsley, Kentucky Lantern

Ryan Harkins, senior director of public policy at MicrosoftHarkins spoke to lawmakers about the history of artificial intelligence development and the laws surrounding it. He said generative AI, which creates content such as text and images, can be used to summarize text, go beyond traditional keyword searches, create coding, and more.

Harkins said that tech companies like Microsoft Ethical principles adopted To guide the use of AI, some bad actors may misuse artificial intelligence, and that is where the law comes in.

“Laws and regulations need to play their part to ensure that everyone in the marketplace — everyone in the ecosystem — adheres to certain basic safety and security standards and mitigates the risk of potential harm,” Harkins said.

Harkins added that the “robust discussion” currently taking place about what the rules should be includes the tech industry, policymakers, elected officials, academics and other members of civil society.

Doug Robinson, executive director of the National Association of State Chiefs of Intelligence (NASCIO), said: The different ways countries are currently using AI AI is enabling business efficiencies, such as translating government websites into multiple languages, and in some cases, using AI can save time in completing these once “tedious” tasks.

Sen. Amanda Mays Bledsoe (R-Lexington) will co-chair the task force. (LRC Press)

Robinson said 40 states have introduced AI bills this year. During Kentucky's legislative session, two Lexington lawmakers, Republican Sen. Amanda Mays Bledsoe and Democrat Sen. Rege Thomas, introduced AI bills. The bill Kentucky passed a bill that would limit the use of “deep fakes” and deceptive AI to influence elections. House of Representatives CommitteeThe bill would have allowed political candidates who appear in manipulated digital media to sue media sponsors.

Bledsoe is co-chair of the AI ​​task force, of which Thomas is also a member.

The issue of artificial intelligence interfering with elections has also been raised at the federal level. In May, the U.S. Senate Rules Committee Moved forward with three bills One that addresses the use of AI in elections.

States surveyed by NASCIO reported concerns about the use of disinformation by AI, biased output from AI, and inadequate data privacy and security.

“Without that understanding, without that policy framework, without that set of corporate directives coming out of the CIO's office, as we've seen in a number of states, we have to be concerned about how these tools are being used and how that impacts the public and actual trust in their government,” Robinson said.

Lawmakers on the committee asked several questions about advances in AI and how it can be regulated at the state level.

Mount Bellon Republican Rep. Josh Bray, who is also co-chair of the task force, asked whether AI could be used to improve the functioning of state government. Delays in unemployment services He also expressed concern about increased fraud under AI systems, citing fraud that has accumulated during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Robinson said that while AI is being used in some cases to detect fraud, he sees it as a “double-edged sword” because adversaries could use generative AI in cybersecurity attacks.

“I think in the future, states will implement these features to reduce fraud,” he added.

The task force's next meeting is scheduled for Tuesday, Aug. 13. Bredows said lawmakers on the task force have a lot to discuss during the special session.

“You know, this is not a small topic and it has far-reaching implications for the private sector and the public sector, so we will do our best to be considerate of both,” she said.

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