[The Viewpoint] The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Regulatory Challenges

Applications of AI

DSK Regal – Vikrant Singh Negi

)DSK Regal - Vikrant Singh Negi

Today, in a technological revolution, the way we live, work and our ability to relate to each other is fundamentally changing. Because technology blurs the lines between the physical, digital, and biological realms. The First Industrial Revolution harnessed the power of water and steam to mechanize production, transforming agricultural societies into greater industrialization. The second industrial revolution was driven by electricity and involved industrial expansion and mass production. The third generation used electronics and information technology to automate production.

It is clear that the current revolution, known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution, is navigating the potential of billions of people connected via mobile devices due to unprecedented access to data/information. . People can benefit from emerging technologies in the areas of artificial intelligence (AI), self-driving cars, 3D printing, robotics, virtual reality, Internet of Things, nanotech, materials science, energy storage and quantum computing. . According to Professor Klaus Schwab, founder and chairman of the World Economic Forum and author of The Fourth Industrial Revolution:, The uniqueness of this revolution is its unprecedented speed. Its scale, scope and complexity evolve globally at an exponential pace, disrupting every aspect of life. It is clear that these groundbreaking changes will transform nearly every system of production, management and governance.

US President Theodore Roosevelt once said: No one is above it and no one is below it. Most aspects of our lives are governed by laws, and laws are used to bind people and form communities. Modern governance creates laws at the national, state and local levels to protect citizens and prevent abuse and exploitation by individuals, organizations and even governments. Based on the created laws, rules and regulations are framed for the effective functioning of our daily lives.

The beginnings of conceptual artificial intelligence (AI) date back to the days of Alan Turing, but when his “Bombe” machine cracked the German “Enigma” cipher during World War II, artificial intelligence became the next It was Professor John McCarthy of Stanford University who defined it as “Science and Engineering for Building Intelligent Machines”. In 1997, IBM’s supercomputer “Deep Blue” used AI technology to beat a world champion chess player in a match. Since then, the AI ​​expert has commented on the prevalence of this niche field, but it has been concentrated in academia and his B2B space. However, enhanced technology and its direct impact on reducing costs and increasing revenue for businesses has made AI ubiquitous. As such, the global AI market in 2022 is said to be US$119 billion, and by 2030 he is expected to reach US$1.5 trillion.

The past few months have been exceptional in the field of generative AI, making a global impact on a global scale and making it accessible to the general public. It draws parallels to “Google Search,” which has made information so readily available and transformed our lives. What Google has been searching for so far is that the current wave of open AI could be deep learning. It has received an incredible amount of attention and curiosity as it extends from AI in general to the class of technology that roots and supports AI chatbots in particular.

ChatGPT (Chat Generative Pre-trained Transformer) is a language model that has been trained on vast amounts of internet text to mimic human text, providing solutions to the queries asked. These models, called large-scale language models (LLMs), can generate texts on seemingly infinite topics.

Over 1 million people downloaded ChatGPT within a week of its launch. After using it and experiencing its intuitive user interface and overall effectiveness, the general consensus was that the future has arrived and the experience is ‘surreal’. Since its introduction, ChatGPT has demonstrated its vast capabilities such as enabling students to write college essays, pass MBA exams, compose professional emails and other literature. . Easy access, availability, and use make ChatGPT unique. Never before in history has such transformative technology been available to the masses.

Policy makers and privacy advocates are concerned about how ChatGPT accesses information and mines it to provide the best possible results and solutions for its users. Also, given that most information is voluntarily shared by users, there is no serious debate about its impact on privacy rights. , indicates that they are voluntarily providing information deemed confidential, the disclosure of which raises serious privilege concerns and, in some cases, may even violate non-disclosure agreements with their employers. .

There is an ongoing debate about data privacy and copyright issues, but much less talk about its use in the context of unethical activities and abuse of the law. ChatGTP’s ability to quickly provide actionable, actionable answers also makes the platform attractive for criminal activity. Additionally, the speed and scale of creating messages that target specific individuals and groups can mislead potential victims into falling into the hands of criminals. Experts from the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol) have identified the use of the ChatGPT platform for fraud, social engineering, disinformation campaigns, and various cybercriminal activities as major concerns. ChatGPT’s ability to produce realistic, typo-free text is very convincing, and its consistency is very reliable and convincing, making it a good tool for phishing purposes. The ability to generate authentic-sounding text at high speed and at scale is useful for propaganda and disinformation purposes, as users can easily generate and distribute motivational messages and deliver them to particularly targeted groups. could be an ideal platform for

The use of AI will also have a profound impact on the nature of global security, war and conflict. Technological innovation has always played a key role in warfare, and modern conflicts will increasingly be “hybrid” in nature. They combine traditional battlefield techniques with cyber warfare, blurring the distinction between passive or offensive warfare. Another major concern is that new technologies will make it easier for individuals or small groups to access autonomous or biological weapons with the ability to cause large-scale damage. But at the same time technological advances create the potential to reduce the scale and impact of violence through the development of new modes of protection.

AI challenges are not only provocative and disruptive, they are dynamic and evolving. This makes the regulatory space not only laborious, but dexterous in appeasing all stakeholders. Ultimately, the ability to adapt laws and regulations to software development and business operations and create a bespoke response is critical to its smooth functioning. The new regulation should also take into account the protection of fundamental rights related to biometric applications, tactile technology and AI polygraphs as they are integrated into our lives without recognizing the pitfalls. What is clear is that the response by regulators and policy makers to this challenge must be integrated and comprehensive, involving all stakeholders in the international community, from the public and private sectors to academia and civil society. It just has to be something. Only then will we be able to create laws and systems to harness the benefits of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Vikrant Singh Negi is a partner of DSK Legal.

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