China, the international stage, the future of AI

Applications of AI

The field of artificial intelligence (AI) presents one of today’s greatest opportunities to advance the potential for human achievement and progress, fueling interest on the international stage for the capabilities of this powerful technology. Even Vladimir Putin declared when it came to AI, “Whoever becomes the leader in this field will become the ruler of the world.” The advent of AI has revolutionized the world of AI and brought its enormous potential to the collective forefront. The rapid progress of this AI technology has raised concerns about whether its development and use are ready to be handled in a safe and ethical manner. For example, an authoritarian environment, the potential for dangerous applications in China where it is most relevant, and the uncertain risks posed by AI in the future. technology.

US-China competition and Chinese AI development

The United States and China, the world’s biggest rivals in AI development, the top two countries in AI research, and fierce technological and political rivals, are poised to become global giants in this revolutionary technology. I am tidying up.

China’s AI development is a major concern for the United States. Some within the United States see the country’s rivalry as a race between democracy and authoritarianism, a sentiment very reminiscent of the Cold War, and China’s dominance of the United States on the world stage. It can pose challenges to excellence and even to the liberal international order. Related Rights and Priorities. Artificial intelligence can greatly enhance economic and military power, thereby increasing political advantage. AI is expected to contribute her US$17.5 trillion to the global economy by 2030. Therefore, AI-driven military advances are invaluable in defeating rivals.

For now, the US will likely continue to lead in AI, and the release of ChatGPT exemplifies this dominance. Still, some Chinese tech companies are already working on equivalent language models. China faces some complications in this effort. For example, Chinese is less useful for training language models than English. A ban has also been put in place to prohibit the shipment of materials from the United States that could be useful in AI development. Recognizing this limitation, President Xi Jinping has declared that China will strengthen its independence to increase its competitiveness.

China’s authoritarian state element makes AI vulnerable to uses that the West sees as gross violations of international law. For example, China has limited data protection, which allows access to large amounts of data. AI-driven data collection, which was unveiled as a bill in November 2022, could make a significant contribution to China’s largely stalled nascent social credit system. China denies this, which many argue is against the law, which the West sees as a gross violation of human rights and a major loss of privacy, liberty and justice. Additionally, using AI to further enhance surveillance of the internet and public areas will give the Chinese government important insights into personal patterns and information, facilitating censorship, data collection and control.

China could also monopolize state-owned enterprise (SOE) AI development, putting it under full control of the Chinese government. Accounting for at least 23% of China’s GDP, SOEs play a key role in both China’s economy and the government’s ability to maintain power over China.

The United States, subject to democratic constraints, has less freedom in the development and application of AI than China, but that does not necessarily mean that the United States’ use of AI is or is benign. Not only are many questioning its use in the military and at the US-Mexico border, but in the face of AI-powered facial recognition technology used by police for surveillance and other potential applications, privacy and Raises human rights concerns. Additionally, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has raised concerns about algorithmic bias in AI, noting that AI civil rights protections do not yet exist for U.S. citizens.

The risky ways of deploying AI, especially in authoritarian environments, underscore the need for massive regulation of such technology.

The future of AI

The trajectory of rapid progress in the AI ​​field will continue. One of the ultimate goals of this progress is the development of artificial general intelligence (AGI). In contrast to narrow AIs created to perform specific tasks, AGIs can complete human tasks and even surpass human intelligence. Such technology has incredible potential to transform society, but it is also extremely dangerous. For example, it can become inconsistent with human goals and act against them, posing serious risks to the future of humanity.

AGI has not yet been developed, and there are mixed expectations as to when and if it will happen. Some experts speculate a 50% chance of development occurring by 2099, while others believe it will be available before 2060 or after. There is some disagreement as to which is, and various other estimates have been proposed as well. There is even disagreement as to whether it will be developed. AGI remains hypothetical for now, but the specter of risks it creates is a reminder that managing such technology requires multilateral cooperation.

AI on the international stage

Nonetheless, the improvement of AI capabilities on a global scale had to be considered. First, there is considerable international academic interest in AI, demonstrated in environments such as the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (ICAIL), which has been held every two years since 1987. Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) Center for AI and Robotics. We are trying to limit the abuse of AI.

However, there are currently very few international organizations related to AI. In fact, the World Artificial Intelligence Organization (WAIO) is the only international organization in existence dedicated to AI. Focusing on five key elements: awareness, ethics and security, policy research, implementation, and societal impact, and connecting different groups, including the private sector, academia, and the international community, to best address the AI ​​problem. I am aiming for

So far, most of the international interest related to AI has focused on its use in military contexts, such as autonomous weapons systems, and recently there has been a growing interest in addressing this aspect on an international scale. We are seeing progress. The first international summit on military AI will be held in his February 2023, and on February 16th the US State Department released the “Political Declaration on the Responsible Military Use of Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy”. Obligation of national military AI to comply with international law.

However, one of the biggest challenges facing international organizations and legislation is the difficulty of enforcement. For example, 60 countries (notably including China and the United States) recently signed a statement on the responsible use of military AI, but faced criticism that the statement was not legally binding and limited in scope. doing. This enforcement difficulty stems in part from states’ unwillingness to legally limit their use of AI for fear of giving rivals an edge. Part of a larger pattern in international relations and a major impediment to cooperation, this resistance is a prisoner of power in which states are forced to pursue their own interests rather than cooperate, even when cooperation is far more beneficial. It represents a dilemma type situation. for all parties.

step forward

Given the human rights concerns raised by China’s AI development, the likely safety issues of future AI technologies such as AGI, and the current lack of preparedness on the international stage for large-scale AI, It is important for the international community to enact uniform regulations. Responsiveness to address increasing potential capabilities of artificial intelligence. This response must be taken seriously as the sophistication and breadth of AI and its consequent global impact grow.

Possible steps include coordination through the United Nations, establishment and support of international bodies to address the coordination, ethics and use of AI, and the creation of international laws and regulations. International cooperation certainly faces many pitfalls, but these difficulties can be mitigated through increased research, surveillance, available information, and communication between nations. All of these elements are enhanced by a more coordinated international response. Only by learning how to treat artificial intelligence responsibly can humanity reap the amazing benefits it offers.

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