ChatGPT is the artificial intelligence (AI) steam engine moment

Applications of AI

The steam engine is one of the most important inventions in human history. The first practical steam engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712. Newcomen engines were used to pump water out of coal mines, increasing mining productivity. However, these early engines were inefficient and consumed large amounts of fuel. In 1765, James Watt made significant improvements to the steam engine, making it more efficient and versatile. It can be used for various applications such as supplying power to textile factories and factories. The steam engine became a major driving force of the Industrial Revolution and transformed the world economy. It enabled the mass production of commodities which led to the rise of cities and the middle class. Steam-powered agricultural machines such as threshers made farming more efficient. Steamships and locomotives made transportation faster and more efficient, facilitating trade and colonization.

Overall, the invention of the steam engine was a major turning point in human history. It profoundly changed the way we lived and worked, and paved the way for life as we know it today.

ChatGPT can be compared to Newcomen’s steam engine. It has many major drawbacks, but it quickly captured our imagination and democratized access to AI.

Every day, people are thinking of new applications and uses for ChatGPT and are beginning to understand how transformative and disruptive AI can be. Like the steam engine, it promises to be a turning point in history.

AI, like all technologies that came before it, such as fire, nuclear energy, and the Internet, is a “dual use”. It can be used to benefit and empower people, but it can also have bad consequences.

For example, only about five companies in the world have the technical and financial capacity to support generative AI models like ChatGPT, raising concerns about digital colonization. Additionally, there is a growing concern over massive job losses that cannot be ignored by simply expecting new jobs to more than make up for those who have been lost. The history of the steam engine shows that while technological change can benefit many in the long run, short-term adjustment costs can represent the lifetime of most workers. I’m here.

Wealth and living standards have increased significantly in Britain, Europe and America, but few of those who survived this massive economic turmoil benefited. Businessmen and financiers who owned a few machines became millionaires in the misery of wage earners. The introduction of steam-powered machinery eradicated many jobs, sucked child labor into the labor force, and suppressed wages. The weavers, once known as the working aristocrats, were dismal losers. His three generations of working Britons got worse as technological creativity was allowed to thrive. In a country like India, the fate of millions of weavers and artisans was far worse, as the British brutally colonized them, and it would take him more than a century before the full benefits of the Industrial Revolution were realized. It took.

Therefore, if we are not very conscious and careful, the AI ​​revolution could turn into a tragic relapse of the industrial revolution, further fueling inequality. History also provides positive lessons. His introduction of two major technological innovations of the 20th century, the electric and the internal combustion engine, as opposed to the steam engine, helped improve the well-being of most people. His first three-quarters of the 20th century is considered “the greatest leveling of all time.” Agricultural productivity was changed by machines, freeing millions of workers from the land. The mechanization of household chores has freed millions of women from time-consuming domestic chores, allowing them to enter the formal workforce and increase their household income. Technology has made the job less dangerous and physically demanding. It also led to better paying jobs. Greater organization has resulted in a distribution of wealth and a reduction in inequality. Expanding secondary education has enabled workers to engage in more value-added jobs. One of the great achievements of the 20th century was the creation of a wealthy middle class. What caused the difference between the 1st and 2nd Industrial Revolutions? The big difference is that unionization improved the balance of political power between capital and labor, and improved regulation and policy choices. It may be.

Like it or not, AI is going to change our world and, with it, our lives. But technology is not destiny. Whether that makes the future better or worse depends on us and the policy choices we make.

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The above views are those of the author.

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